The Pregnancy Discrimination Act is an amendment to Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. Discrimination on the basis of pregnancy, childbirth, or related medical conditions constitutes unlawful sex discrimination under Title VII, which covers employers with 15 or more employees, including state and local governments. Title VII also applies to employment agencies and to labor organizations, as well as to the federal government. Women who are pregnant or affected by related conditions must be treated in the same manner as other applicants or employees with similar abilities or limitations.
An employer cannot refuse to hire or provide usual employment benefits to a woman because of her pregnancy related condition as long as she is able to perform the major functions of her job. An employer may not treat pregnant women differently with respect to any terms and conditions of employment. The law requires that pregnant women be treated in the same manner as other employees.